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Forest Europe

UNECE Forestry and Timber


Project Coordinator

European Forest Institute


Jul 28, 2014

The Romanian government, Greenpeace and WWF have started the nomination process for the virgin beech forests of Romania to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage list. The designation process and all the procedures related to it will take approximately two years.

Jul 25, 2014

The benefits of using native species in large scale rehabilitation and restoration projects are highlighted in a new publication from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Scientific journal

In this section, the C&I Library displays references to relevant peer-reviewed academic articles, journals and books that provide a background for understanding the indicator world, inside and outside the forest sector. Due to the limited public access of most of the literature, the C&I Library only displays the associated references, sorted out according to the year of publication.


Year of publication


  • Evolution of forest policy science in Austria. Glück, P., 1995: In: Solberg, B. (Ed.) Forest Policy Analysis –Methodological and Empirical Aspects . EFI Proceedings No 2/1995:51–62. European Forest Institute, Joensuu, Finland.
  • The limits of the use of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management. Lowe, P.D. In : Commonwealth Forestry Review 74(4): 343–349.


  • A system's approach to identifying decisive information for sustainable development. Kelly, K.L. In: Eur. J. Oper. Res. 109, 452-464. Implementing Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in Europe 117.
  • Assessment of Indicators of SFM. Summary Report. Lake Abitibi Model Forest Network. Wedeles, C., Williams, J. . ArborVitae Environmental Services Ltd.


  • 200 Years of Sustainability in Forestry: Lessons from History. Wiersum, K.F. . Environmental Management 19(3), 321-329.
  • Guidelines for applying Multi-Criteria Analysis to the Assessment of Criteria and Indicators. Mendoza, G.A., Macoun, P., Prabhu, R., Sukadri, D., Purnomo, H, Hartanto, H. In: Center for International Forestry Research, Jakarta, 82 p. 


  • Harmonisation and standardisation in multinational environmental statistics- mission impossible? Köhl, M.; Traub, G., Päivinen, R. In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 63(2), 361-380.
  • Multiple criteria decision making approaches to assessing forest sustainability using criteria and indicators: a case study. Mendoza, G.A., Prabhu, R. In: For. Ecol. Manage. 131, 107-126.


  • Between Voodoo Science and Adaptive Management: the Role and Research Needs for Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management. Prabhu, R., Ruitenbeek, H.J., Boyle, T.J.B, Colfer, C.J.B., in: Raison, R.J., Brown, A.G., Flinn, D.W. (Eds.) Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management. IUFRO Research Series 7. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 39-66.
  • Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management. Raison, R.J., Brown, A.G., Flinn, D.W. (Eds.). IUFRO Research Series 7, CABI Publishing, Wallingford.
  • Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management in Canada: Progress and Problems in Integrating Science and Politics at the Local Level. Duinker, P.N., In: Franc, A., Laroussinie, O., Karjalainen., T. (Eds.), Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management at the Forest Management Unit Level. EFI Proceedings No 38, pp. 7-29.
  • Critical Analysis of the Basics for the Assessment of Sustainable Development by Indicators. Linser, S., In: Freiburg: Schriftenreihe Freiburger Forstliche Forschung, Band 17.


  • Developing indicators for environmental policy: Data-driven and theory-driven approaches examined by example. Niemeijer, D. In: Environmental Science and Policy 5: 91-103.
  • Monitoring for Forest Management Unit Scale Sustainability: The Local Unit Criteria and Indicators Development (LUCID) Test. USDA.  IMI Report No. 4, US Department of Agriculture.
  • Synergies between forest resources assessment and indicators of sustainable forest management: The European experience. Prins, C. . Unasylva 210, Vol.53, 51-55.


  • Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management at the Forest Management Unit Level. Franc, A., Laroussinie, O., Karjalainen., T. (Eds.) In:  EFI Proceedings No. 38.
  • Devising local sustainable development indicators: From technical issues to bureaucratic stakes. Journel, C.M., Duchene, F., Coanus, T., Martinais, E. In:  The Greater Lyons experience. Local Environment 8: 615-626.
  • Forest certification – an instrument to promote sustainable forest management? Rametsteiner, E., Simula, M. . J. Environ. Manage. 67(1), 87-98.
  • Ten common mistakes in designing biodiversity indicators for forest policy. Failing, L., Gregory, R., In:  Environmental Management 68, 121-132.
  • The science/policy interface in logic-based evaluation of forest ecosystem sustainability. For. Pol. Econ. Reynolds, K.M., Johnson, K.N., Gordon, S.N. . 5(4), 433-446.


  • Converging global indicators for sustainable forest management. McDonald, G.T., Lane, M.B. In:  Forest Policy and Economics 6, 63-70.
  • Entwicklung eines Indikatorenkatalogs zur Evaluierung einer nachhaltigen Waldwirtschaft auf betrieblicher Ebene. Vacik, H., Wolfslehner, B. . Schweiz. Z. Forstwes. 155(11), 2-12.
  • Indicators of sustainability: Challenges and opportunities at the interface of science and policy. McCool, S.F., Stankey, G.H. In:  Environmental Management 33: 294-305.
  • Sustainability in Forestry: Origins, Evolution and Prospects. Sample, V.A. . inchot Institute for Conservation. Discussion Paper 6-04. iv+43 p.


  • Application of the Analytic Network Process in multi-criteria analysis of sustainable forest management. For. Ecol. Manage. Wolfslehner, B., Vacik, H., Lexer, M.J. . 207, 157-170
  • Doing qualitative Research. Silverman, D. . 2nd Ed. London. Sage.
  • Indicator-based knowledge management for participatory decision-making. Thomson, A.J. . Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 49(1), 206-218.
  • Insights from practice— Designing sustainable development indicators: analysis for a case utility. Searcy, C.; Karapetrovic, S.; McCartney, D., in: Measuring Business Excellence 9(2), 33-41.
  • Monitoring and information reporting for sustainable forest management: An international multiple case study analysis. Hickey, G.M., Innes, J.L., Kozak, R.A., Bull, G.Q., Vertinsky, I. In: Forest Ecology and Management 209:237-259.
  • Scientific Review and Gap Analysis of Sustainable Forest Management Criteria and Indicators Initiatives. Hickey, G.M., Innes J.L. FORREX Forest Research Extension Partnership, Kamloops, British Columbia, FORREX Series 17. 55 p.
  • The role of computer modelling in participatory integrated assessments. Siebenhüner, B., Barth, V., in: Environmental Impact Assessment Review 25, 367-389.


  • Bridging the gap between theory and practice in integrated assessment. Lee, . In:  Environmental Impact Assessment Review 26: 57-78.
  • Draft FWC indicator set: Detailed review of existing sustainability indicator concepts and sustainability indicator sets of relevance for the FWC, review of potential indicators for selection and their assessment. Rametsteiner, E., Pülzl, H., Puustjärvi, E. . EFORWOOD Project, Deliverable D1.1.1. (
  • Sustainability indicators, policy and governance: Issues for ecological economics. Hezri, A.A., Dovers, S.R. In:  Ecological Economics 60: 86-99.
  • Transferring environmental value estimates: Issues and alternatives. Spash, C.L., Vatn, A. . Ecological Economics 60, 379-388.


  • Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ness, B., Urbel-Piirsalu, E., Anderberg, S., Olsson, L., in: Ecological Economics 60: 498-508.
  • Contrasting and comparing sustainable development indicator metrics. Wilson, J., Tyedmers, P., Pelot R. . Ecol. Indic. 7(2), 299-314.
  • Pan-European Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: Networking Structures and Data Potentials of International Data Sources. Requardt, A. . University of Hamburg, Germany.
  • Selecting environmental indicator for use in strategic environmental assessment. Donnelly, A., Jones, M., O‘Mahony, T., Byrne, G., In: Environmental Impact Assessment. Rev. 27,161-175.


  • A conceptual framework for selecting environmental indicator sets. Niemeijer, D., de Groot, R.S., 2008a. Ecol. Indic. 8 (1), 14-25.
  • Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management: The road travelled and the way ahead. Wijewardana, D. .Ecol. Indic. 8, 115-122.
  • Development of common indicators of sustainable forest management. Gough, A.D., Innes, J.L., Allen, S.D., In:  Ecol. Indic. 8(2), 425-430. 
  • Evaluating sustainable forest management. Hickey, G.M., 2008: . Ecological Indicators 8(2), 109-114.
  • Framing environmental indicators: Moving from causal chains to causal networks. Niemeijer, D., de Groot, R.S., 2008b. Environ. Dev. Sustain. 10(1), 89-106.
  • Local level criteria and indicator frameworks: A tool used to assess aboriginal forest ecosystem values. Adam, M.C., Kneeshaw, D.,  In: Forest Ecology and Management 255(7), 2024-2037.
  • Second Order Governance: Learning Processes to Identify Indicators. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. Spangenberg, J. . 15:125-139.


  • Indicator development as ‗boundary spanning‘ between scientists and policy-makers. Pülzl, H., Rametsteiner, E. . Science and Public Policy 36(10), 743-752.
  • Forest Resilience, Biodiversity, and Climate Change. A synthesis of the biodiversity/resilience/stability relationship in forest ecosystems. Thompson, I., Mackey, B., McNulty, S., Mosseler, A. . Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. Technical Series no. 43.
  • Towards Sustainable Forest Management. Hunter, I.R. In: Mather, A., Bryden, J. (Eds.) Regional Sustainable Development Review: Europe. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). Developed under the auspices of UNESCO. Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK.
  • Using a network framework to quantitatively select ecological indicators. Lin, T., Lin, J.-Y., Cui, S.-H., Cameron, S. In:  Ecol. Indic. 9(6), 1114-1120.


  • Assessing sustainability for global forests: A proposed pathway to fill critical data gaps. Irland, L.C., In:  European Journal of Forest Research 129(5), 777-786.
  • Implementing sustainable forest management using six concepts in an adaptive management framework. Foster, B.C., Wang, D., Keeton, W.S., Ashton, M.S., In:  Journal of Sustainable Forestry 29(1), 79-108.


  • Mapping indicator models: from intuitive problem structuring to quantified decision-making in sustainable forest management. Wolfslehner, B., Vacik, H. . Ecol. Indic. 11, 274-283.
  • Sustainability indicator development - science or political negotiation? Rametsteiner, E., Pülzl, H. Alkan-Olsson, J., Frederiksen P. In:  Ecol. Indic. 11(1): 61-70.


  • Comparing a top-down and bottom-up approach in the identification of criteria and indicators for sustainable community forest management in Nepal. Khadka, C., Vacik, H. in:  Forestry 85 (1), 145-158.
  • Forest sustainability indicator systems as procedural policy tools in global environmental governance. Grainger, A. in:  Global Environmental Change 22(1), 147-160.
  • The politics of sustainability evaluation: analysis of three Austrian Strategies for Sustainable Development. Pregerning, M., Hogl, K., Nordbeck, R., in: Sedlacko, M., Martinuzzi, A. (Eds.) Governance by Evaluation for Sustainable Development. Edward Elgar Publishing.